Malaria is caused by mosquito bytes and it can be very serious disease if not cured. In Kenya every “bush” doctor knows how to cure it with right antibiotics, but in the Western world malaria is not so common and this is probably the biggest problem. Fewer doctors might have experience with it. In general the chances of getting malaria in two or three weeks being in Africa are low. Especially if you are aware of it and you take some general precautions: Sleeping under a mosquito net in your room (they are provided in all hotels within malaria areas) or if you sleep in the tent, remember to keep the flaps zipped at all times. Make use of a mosquito repelling lotion or stick and wearing long sleeve clothing and socks when outside at night.
Mosquitoes are not so many at all especially in the dry season and they normally start to byte in evening and night hours. Some people are taking malaria prophylactics, some they don’t. But it is good to consult with your doctor or pharmacist that you intend visiting Tanzania to get more information.
Yellow fever is a serious viral infection that is spread by certain types of mosquito. The virus that causes yellow fever is passed to humans through the bites of infected mosquitoes. The mosquitoes that spread the infection are usually active and bite during daylight hours, from dusk until dawn, and are found in both urban and rural areas. Yellow fever can’t be passed directly from person to person through close contact.
The symptoms of yellow fever occur in two stages. The initial symptoms develop three to six days after infection, and can include a high temperature, a headache, nausea or vomiting, muscle pain, including backache and loss of appetite.This stage will usually pass after three to four days and most people will make a full recovery.
The vaccination against yellow fever should be given at least 10 days before travelling to an area where the infection is found, to allow your body to develop protection against the virus that causes the infection. Some countries require a proof of vaccination certificate before they will let you enter the country. This will only become valid 10 days after you are vaccinated. All travelers coming from endemic countries are required to produce evidence of yellow fever vaccination. This travel requirement does not apply to those travelers coming from non-endemic countries.
|Tanzania||Recommended||Required if travelling from a country with risk of yellow fever|
|Kenya||Recommended||Required if travelling from a country with risk of yellow fever|
|Rwanda||Recommended||Required if travelling from a country with risk of yellow fever|