More than a million tourists visit Kenya every year and most visits are trouble-free. By avoiding the Kenya-Somali border area, Kenya can be considered a safe travel destination, even more so if the purpose is an organized safari. Nairobi has had a bad reputation for a long time, so walking the city unaccompanied isn’t recommended. An overnight stay at a reputable hotel or an organized visit to one of the many attractions in or around the city is generally safe.
Tanzania is, overall, a safe country to visit. This is even more so if your visit is primarily an organized safari. Almost a million tourists visit Tanzania every year and most visits are trouble-free. There have been several terrorist attacks in the past, but the last one, where a hotel was bombed, was in 2002. Unfortunately, terrorism has become part of life and it is very difficult if not impossible, to safeguard against it. Fortunately, incidents are very rare and the chance of being a random victim is almost negligent. As with many third-world countries, theft and muggings are relatively common, but most incidents are in cities like Dar-es-Salaam and Arusha. Walking alone around the city is not recommended. An overnight stay at a reputable hotel or an organized visit to one of the many attractions in or around the city is fine.
Rwanda is generally safe and crime levels are relatively low, but street crime does occur like everywhere else in the world. Urban Rwanda is undoubtedly one of the safer places to be in this region, and Kigali is a genuine contender for the safest capital in Africa. However, like in any big city the world over, take care at night. Never take photographs of anything connected with the government or the military (post offices, banks, bridges, border crossings, barracks, prisons and dams) – cameras can and will be confiscated.
Opportunistic crime like burglaries (some using chloroform gas), muggings, drive-by bag snatches and thefts from vehicles do occur in Kampala and other areas of Uganda. Don’t carry large sums of cash or wear expensive looking jewellery or watches. Take particular care of your passport. Take extra care when going out on foot and avoid walking after dark wherever possible. Don’t leave valuables in vehicles. If you are stopped by armed criminals, don’t resist.